Peneda-Gerês National Park A Journey into Portugals Biodiversity Hotspot
Peneda-Gerês National Park A Journey into Portugals Biodiversity Hotspot

The Peneda-Gerês National Park, located in the northwestern part of Portugal, is a true gem for nature enthusiasts. Covering an area of about 702 square kilometers٫ the park offers a breathtaking landscape of mountains٫ forests٫ rivers٫ and wildlife. It is considered one of the country’s most important and well-preserved natural areas٫ and it has been designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2009.​


The history of the Peneda-Gerês National Park dates back thousands of years.​ Evidence of human presence in the area can be traced back to prehistoric times, with the discovery of various rock art sites.​ Throughout the centuries, the park has been home to several civilizations, leaving behind traces of their existence, such as pre-Romanesque bridges, Roman roads, and medieval castles.​

In 1971, the Peneda-Gerês National Park was officially established, becoming the first national park in Portugal.​ Since then, it has been a haven for both nature conservation and outdoor recreation.​


The Peneda-Gerês National Park is known for its exceptional biodiversity. The diverse landscape of the park, which includes granite mountains, dense forests, rivers, and waterfalls, provides a habitat for a wide range of plant and animal species.​

The park is home to several iconic species, including the Iberian wolf, the golden eagle, the goshawk, and the endangered Iberian lynx.​ It also houses numerous other mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.​ Moreover, the park boasts a remarkable variety of flora, with over 1,000 plant species, including several endemic and endangered ones.

Exploring the park’s trails and hiking paths allows visitors to immerse themselves in this rich biodiversity and witness firsthand the beauty and harmony of nature.​

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Peneda-Gerês National Park offers a wide range of activities for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts.

  • Hiking⁚ The park is crisscrossed by a network of well-maintained trails, offering hiking options for all levels of fitness.​ From short walks to multi-day treks, there is something for everyone;
  • Wildlife watching⁚ The park’s diverse ecosystem provides ample opportunities for observing and photographing wildlife.​ Many species can be spotted, especially in the early morning and late afternoon.​
  • Cycling⁚ The park has various cycling routes, allowing visitors to explore the stunning scenery on two wheels.
  • Canoeing and kayaking⁚ The rivers and reservoirs within the park are ideal for water-based activities, offering a thrilling experience amidst the natural beauty.​
  • Photography⁚ With its picturesque landscapes, rich wildlife, and unique flora, the Peneda-Gerês National Park is a paradise for photographers.​

Visitor Information

Here are some important details for planning a visit to the Peneda-Gerês National Park⁚

  • Location⁚ The park is located in the northwest of Portugal, near the border with Spain.
  • Entrance fees⁚ There is no entrance fee to enter the park.​
  • Accommodation⁚ The park offers a range of accommodation options, including camping sites, rural guesthouses, and hotels.​
  • Best time to visit⁚ The park can be visited throughout the year, but the best time to explore its trails and enjoy outdoor activities is from spring to autumn.
  • Guided tours⁚ Hiring a local guide is recommended for a more enriching experience and to ensure safety, especially for longer hikes and wildlife watching.​

Visiting the Peneda-Gerês National Park is not only a journey into Portugal’s biodiversity hotspot but also a chance to reconnect with nature and experience the harmony between humans and the natural world.​ Its breathtaking landscapes, diverse wildlife, and numerous activities make it a destination that should not be missed for any nature lover.​

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